Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is more common in females but do you know that it can happen in males as well? But why is UTI common in females and not males?
A research stated, about 10 in 25 women and 3 in 25 men have symptoms of UTI during their lifetime. Let’s know the reasons why it is uncommon in men from a doctor. According to Harvard, Most cases of urinary tract infections occur in women. Of those that occur in men, relatively few affect younger men.
To understand more about UTI in males, OnlyMyHealth team interacted with Dr Nitin Shrivastava, Sr. Consultant- Urology, Kidney Transplant Program & Robotic Surgery, Artemis Hospital, Gurugram.
Explaining why UTI is not as common in males as females, Dr Shrivastava said, “UTI in males can happen from a Sexually Transmitted Infection and requires treatment by antibiotics. In case of males as well as females, UTI happens due to the bacteria entering the urinary tract, typically through the urethra. However, in case of men, UTI is less likely to happen because they have a longer urethra in comparison to females which makes it difficult for bacteria to reach the bladder. UTI can also be linked with complications like prostatitis or epididymitis. Furthermore, UTIs in men can also be a sign of underlying urinary tract problems or prostate issues.”
Signs And Symptoms
Talking about symptoms of UTI Dr Shrivastava said, “Feeling the need to urinate more often, pain or burning sensation while urination, cloudy or bloody urine or strong colour of urine, sudden and uncontrollable urges to urinate, fever and chills, discomfort or pain in pelvic area and fatigue are some of the symptoms of UTI in men.”
Causes Of UTI
Causes of UTI can include, entering of bacteria through urethra through sexual intercourse or improper hygiene practices, conditions hampering the flow of urine like enlarged prostate or urinary tract abnormalities, use of catheters that can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract, especially if they are not properly cleaned or changed regularly, weakened immune systems and underlying medical conditions.
Why Older Men More Likely To Get Infected
Age related factors lead to UTIs in older men. As age escalates, changes happen in the urinary tract like the prostate gland can get enlarged and urinary retention also starts happening. These changes hamper the normal flow of urine creating its stagnant pools that serve as a breeding ground for bacterial growth. Furthermore, older men also have weak immune systems which reduces their ability to fight off infections.
Dr Shrivastava said, “There are other age related factors as well that increase the chances of getting UTI like reduced mobility, underlying medical conditions like diabetes. Older men also experience a decline in cognitive function that can further result in inadequate hydration or poor hygiene practices, increasing the chances of UTI.”
genital area is essential, especially, before and after sexual intercourse.
Dr Shrivastava said, “Refrain from holding urine for longer periods as this can promote bacterial growth. Refrain consumption of foods that can cause irritation in bladder and urethra like caffeine, alcohol and spicy foods. Furthermore, practise safe sex. Ensure that you use condoms to minimise the risk of sexually transmitted diseases that can cause UTI. Also, manage underlying medical conditions and ensure that you use a catheter with care.”
(Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. We advise you to visit your doctor if you have any health conditions or problems)