Yoga & Fitness

Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians: Expert Shares Lifestyle Changes, Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues

The rising prevalence of cardiovascular disease among young Indians signals a pressing health concern, highlighting the urgent need for both personal and societal interventions. Lifestyle choices exert a profound influence on heart health, with sedentary behaviours and poor dietary habits acting as primary culprits in precipitating heart ailments among this demographic.

We spoke to our expert Dr Chandrashekhar, Associate Director, Cardiac Sciences, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh – Delhi, as he dispels lifestyle changes and diet tips to avoid cardiovascular diseases among young indians. Here is what he shared with us.

Dietary Habits: Impact on Heart Health

Sedentary lifestyles, characterised by prolonged periods of inactivity, paired with diets abundant in processed foods, added sugars, and unhealthy fats, contribute to the development of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes—major risk factors for heart disease. Additionally, substance abuse, including excessive alcohol consumption and illicit drug use, further elevates the risk, with stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine detrimentally affecting heart function.

Changes Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues and Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians

Mental Health and Heart Disease

Moreover, mental health plays a pivotal role, as chronic stress, anxiety, and depression can provoke physiological responses detrimental to heart health. Undiagnosed congenital heart defects and valvular abnormalities also pose hidden threats, underscoring the importance of regular health screenings.

Also Read: Is it Safe to Eat Beetroot in Diabetes? Expert Sheds Light

Environmental Factors: Urban Challenges

Environmental factors, such as exposure to air pollution, compound these risks, particularly in urban areas. However, the lack of awareness among young adults regarding their vulnerability to heart disease may lead to delayed preventive measures or medical care.

Changes Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues and Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians

Building a Heart-Healthy Diet

Emphasising controllable risk factors, such as high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes, underscores the significance of lifestyle modifications and proactive healthcare. Adopting a balanced diet comprising fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products, while limiting intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, salt, and added sugars, is paramount. Attention to portion sizes is equally vital to prevent overeating.

Also Read: Is it Safe to Eat Beetroot in Diabetes? Expert Sheds Light

Physical Activity: A Key Component of Heart Health

Regular physical activity, maintenance of a healthy weight, avoidance of smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, stress management, and control of underlying health conditions are critical in safeguarding heart health. Routine check-ups and transparent communication with healthcare providers facilitate early detection and management of heart-related issues.

Education and awareness campaigns tailored to young adults play a pivotal role in dispelling misconceptions and empowering individuals to prioritise their heart health. By embracing proactive lifestyle changes and adhering to a heart-healthy diet, young Indians can fortify themselves against the burgeoning threat of cardiovascular disease, ensuring a healthier and more vibrant future.

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