Yoga & Fitness

Early Signs Of STI You Should Not Ignore

It is crucial for all the sexually active people to be aware of sexually transmitted infections. In this article understand the early signs of STIs. If you get to know the STIs in time, they can be treated. 

To understand the signs of STIs in males and females, OnlyMyHealth team interacted with Dr Seema Sharma, Associate Director – Obstetrics and gynecology, Paras Health, Gurugram. 

Early Signs Of STIs In Women

In STI the symptoms can vary from person to person. Some people may not show any signs. If symptoms do occur, they might show up around your private areas and could include. Dr Sharma listed down the signs of STIs. 

  1. Bumps, sores, or warts on or near your vagina, mouth, or anus
  2. Swelling or itching near your vagina
  3. Unusual vaginal discharge with a bad smell, causing irritation, or being a different colour or amount than usual
  4. Vaginal bleeding outside of your regular period
  5. Painful or frequent urination
  6. You might also experience symptoms throughout your body, such as:
  7. A skin rash
  8. Weight loss
  9. Diarrhoea
  10. Night sweats
  11. Aches, pains, fever, and chills
  12. Jaundice, which is the yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes

STDs or STIs can the above symptoms cause

The symptoms mentioned can be indicative of various sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in women.

Listing the STIs Dr Sharma, “Warts, lesions, or bumps can be linked to syphilis, human papillomavirus (HPV), or genital herpes. Herpes or other diseases may be the cause of swelling or irritation in the vaginal region. Unusual vaginal discharge that is unpleasant smelling, irritated, or has a distinct colour or quantity could be an indication of trichomoniasis, yeast infection, or bacterial vaginosis.”

Adding more she said, “Unusual vaginal bleeding can also be the symptom of cervical infection, chlamydia, or gonorrhoea. Pain during intercourse is frequently linked to a number of sexually transmitted infections, including PID. Systemic symptoms such as skin rash, weight loss, diarrhoea, night sweats, aches, pains, fever, chills, and jaundice can be linked to more advanced stages of various STIs, including HIV, syphilis, or hepatitis. Seeking prompt medical attention for accurate diagnosis and treatment is crucial if any of these symptoms arise.”

Also read: Sexual & Reproductive Health Awareness Day: Doctor On Reducing Stigma Related to STD & STIs


List Of Early Signs Of STIs In Men

Dr Sharma listed down the signs of STIs. 

  1. Sensation of burning or itching in the genital area
  2. Presence of a discharge from the penis
  3. Discomfort around the pelvic region
  4. Presence of sores, bumps, or blisters on the penis, anus, or mouth
  5. Sensation of burning and pain during urination or bowel movements
  6. Frequent need to use the restroom
  7. STDs or STIs can the above symptoms cause

These symptoms may be linked to a variety of STIs and STDs, such as but not limited to

•Gonorrhoea: May cause pain, discomfort, and discharge in the pelvic area

•Chlamydia: Known to cause burning sensations, discharge, and discomfort

•Sores, pimples, or blisters on the vaginal or oral regions are the hallmarks of herpes (HSV)

•Syphilis: May cause sores or ulcers on the genitals or mouth

It’s critical that people exhibiting these symptoms get medical help in order to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. To control and stop the spread of STIs and STDs, early detection and intervention are crucial.

Preventive Measures For STDs/STIs

STIs if not treated on time can take a bad turn and lead to major life threatening diseases like cancer. So before an infection appears, take precautionary measures and don’t push yourself into medical trouble. 

Dr Sharma said, “It’s important to use condoms correctly and regularly if you want to protect yourself from HIV and other STIs. It’s crucial to remember that condoms could not provide complete protection against STIs like syphilis or genital herpes that result in sores outside of the vaginal area. Whenever possible, it is advised to use condoms during anal and vaginal sex.” 

Concluding she said, “There are safe and effective vaccines available for two viral STIs: hepatitis B and HPV. These vaccines are significant breakthroughs in preventing STIs. By the end of 2020, 111 countries—mostly the developed ones—had incorporated the HPV vaccination into their regular immunisation schedules. By 2030 and beyond, high coverage of HPV vaccine, routine screening, treatment of precancerous lesions, and effective cancer management will be focused to eradicate globally as a public health concern.” 

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