Yoga & Fitness

Syphilis: Expert Shares Treatment Options and Vital Preventive Measures

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It can be transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex, as well as through close skin-to-skin contact with a syphilis sore. 

Talking to the editorial team of Onlymyhealth, Dr Divya K S, Consultant – Infectious Disease Specialist, Apollo Hospitals, Seshadripuram shares a  brief overview of treatment and preventive measures for syphilis. Here is what she shared with us.

Treatment for Syphilis 

1. Penicillin

Penicillin, administered as an injection, is the preferred treatment for syphilis at all stages. Depending on the stage of syphilis and the individual’s medical history, the dosage and duration of treatment may vary.

2. Other Antibiotics

For individuals allergic to penicillin, alternative antibiotics like doxycycline or tetracycline may be prescribed. However, these alternatives are less effective in treating neurosyphilis.

3. Follow-up Testing

After treatment, follow-up testing is crucial to ensure that the infection has been adequately treated. This typically involves repeat blood tests to monitor the body’s response to treatment.

Syphilis Treatment Options and Preventive Measures

Also Read: Do You Have a Habit of Eating Late At Night? Here Are 5 Reasons You Should Stop

Preventive Measures for Syphilis 

1. Safe Sex Practices

Practising safe sex, including consistent and correct use of condoms, can greatly reduce the risk of acquiring syphilis and other sexually transmitted infections.

2. Regular Testing

Getting tested for syphilis and other STIs regularly, especially if you are sexually active or have multiple sexual partners, is important for early detection and treatment.

Syphilis Treatment Options and Preventive Measures

3. Partner Notification

If diagnosed with syphilis, it’s essential to inform your sexual partners so they can also get tested and receive treatment if necessary. This helps prevent further transmission of the infection.

Also Read: Do You Have a Habit of Eating Late At Night? Here Are 5 Reasons You Should Stop

4. Avoidance of High-Risk Behaviours

Avoiding behaviours that increase the risk of STI transmission, such as unprotected sex and having multiple sexual partners, can help reduce the likelihood of acquiring syphilis.

5. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)

For individuals at high risk of acquiring syphilis, such as those with HIV, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may be recommended. PrEP involves taking medication regularly to prevent HIV transmission but does not protect against syphilis or other STIs.

6. Education and Awareness

Increasing awareness and understanding of syphilis, its symptoms, and transmission methods can empower individuals to take preventive measures and seek timely medical care if needed.


Syphilis is a treatable infection, and early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for preventing complications and reducing the risk of transmission. Practising safe sex, getting tested regularly, and seeking prompt medical attention if symptoms arise are essential steps in preventing and managing syphilis infections.

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